Meredith Belbin a British researcher and management theorist conducted a group study over nine years. They studied the behavior of managers and teams from around the world. The result of the study is known as The 9 Belbin Team Roles.
Belbin’s model of nine team roles can be used to build a diverse team. You do not need nine individuals, each possessing a different role. Some team members may possess several roles. The concept is the team will work more effectively with each other when these roles are addressed.
The conclusion of the study was that an effective team has members that cover nine key roles. These nine roles are divided into three groups.
The Action Group
The Completer Finisher – this is the detail person within the team. They have a good eye for spotting flaws and knowing where the team is in regards to the schedule.
The Implementer – this is the practical thinker who can create the systems and processes that will produce what the team needs.
The Shaper – this is the dynamic team member who loves a challenge and thrives under pressure. This team member possesses the drive to overcome obstacles.
The Social Group
The Coordinator – this team member ensures all members of the team are able to contribute to the discussions and decisions of the team. Typically mature and confident this member is a good chairperson that clarifies goals, promotes decision making and delegates well.
The Resource Investigator – this team member is the one who networks for the team. Whatever the team needs this person is the one who is most likely able to get it.
The Team Worker – this team member is the glue that holds the team together. They are concerned about the relationships within the team. This person is a good listener, co-operative and delegates well.
The Thinking Group
The Monitor Evaluator – this team member is the strategic planner who tries to see all options and judge them accurately. They use measured analysis and objectivity to keep the team on course.
The Plant – this team member is the creative and imaginative member who solves the difficult problems.
The Specialist – this team member brings special knowledge and skills to the team. They are often single-minded, self-starting and dedicated.
For more information on the Belbin Team Roles visit their web site. Belbin